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Blog Archive

Wednesday, 20 September 2017

The Second Conditional compared to the First Conditional.


The second conditional uses the past simple after if, then 'would' and the infinitive:
if + past simple, ...would + infinitive
(We can use 'were' instead of 'was' with 'I' and 'he/she/it'. This is mostly done in formal writing).
It has two uses.
First, we can use it to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I'm imagining some dream for example.
  q  If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won't win the lottery)
  q  If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello.
  q  She would travel all over the world if she were rich.
  q  She would pass the exam if she ever studied.(She never studies, so this won't happen)
Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true. Is that clear? Have a look at the examples:
  q  If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him).
  q  If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man.
How is this different from the first conditional?
This kind of conditional sentence is different from the first conditional because this is a lot more unlikely.
For example (second conditional): If I had enough money I would buy a house with twenty bedrooms and a swimming pool (I'm probably not going to have this much money, it's just a dream, not very real)

But (first conditional): If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes (It's much more likely that I'll have enough money to buy some shoes)


What is the second conditional?:Explanation and examples.


There are two parts to a conditional sentence: the if-clause and the result-clause
The 2nd (secondconditional sentence structure is called the present unreal conditional or hypothetical conditional.
You can also use this sentence structure to imagine a situation that is unlikely or impossible in the present.

Using the second conditional
ExampleExplanation
-If I were you, I would drive more carefully in the rain.-I am not you — this is unreal.
-Paula would be sad if Jan left.-Jan will not leave — that's not going to happen.
-If dogs had wings, they would be able to fly.-Dogs don't have wings — that's impossible.




SECOND CONDITIONAL.


http://www.macmillaninspiration.com/original/files/2010/07/INSP3_ws17.pdf

Print out the page ,do the exercises and practise the 2nd type of conditional sentences. Happy learning!

Sunday, 17 September 2017

Reported/ Indirect Speech.

Change this direct speech into reported speech:
 1. “He works in a bank”
She said ___________________________________________________________
2. “We went out last night”
She told me________________________________________________________
3. “I’m coming!”
She said ___________________________________________________________
4. “I was waiting for the bus when he arrived”
She told me ________________________________________________________
5. “ I’d never been there before”
She said ___________________________________________________________
6. “I didn’t go to the party”
She told me ________________________________________________________
7. “Lucy’ll come later”
She said ___________________________________________________________
8. “He hasn’t eaten breakfast”
She told me ________________________________________________________
9. “I can help you tomorrow”
She said ___________________________________________________________
10. “You should go to bed early”
She told me ________________________________________________________
11. “I don’t like chocolate”
 She told me ________________________________________________________
12. “I won’t see you tomorrow”
She said ___________________________________________________________
13. “She’s living in Paris for a few months”
 She said ___________________________________________________________
14. “I visited my parents at the weekend”
She told me ________________________________________________________
15. “She hasn’t eaten sushi before”
She said ___________________________________________________________
16. “I hadn’t travelled by underground before I came to London”      
She said ___________________________________________________________
17. “They would help if they could”
She said ___________________________________________________________
18. “I’ll do the washing-up later”
She told me ________________________________________________________

Monday, 28 August 2017

Voz Pasiva en Inglés - Cursos de Inglés Gratis

El Pasivo en Inglés - Cursos de Inglés Gratis

after studying the explanations in Spanish and the examples ,do the exercises below.

¿Como se estructura la voz pasiva en presente y pasado? - Ask the Teacher

¿Como se estructura la voz pasiva en presente y pasado? - Ask the Teacher: Iromy pregunta – ¿Como se estructura la voz pasiva en presente y pasado?  Janet explica – Siempre formamos el pasivo con una forma del verbo to be en la forma del tiempo de la oración (presente, pasado, etc.) y luego el participio. Voz Pasiva en el Presente Para formar la... Leer más »

Saturday, 26 August 2017

CONDICIONALES DEL 1ER Y 2DO TIPO- TEORÍA EN ESPAÑOL Y EJEMPLOS.

FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL SENTENCES.

adapted from:
http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/3g18-first-second-conditional-exercise.php

buy - eat -  get - rain - not eat - be( 3)- not go  -  sell 

1. If I get home late tonight, I.
2. If Jan could run 100 metres in 10 seconds, he an athlete.
3. If Simon catches a fish today, we  it.
4. She  a Porsche if she won the lottery.
5. If it  in the Sahara desert, everyone would be very surprised.
6. If it rains tonight, we  out.
7. If your dog spoke, youit to the circus.
8. If we play football on Saturday, I tired on Sunday.
9. You fat if you eat too much.
10. If I you, I wouldn't accept that job. It sounds terrible!!

Passive Voice in the present and past.

https://en.islcollective.com/resources/printables/worksheets_doc_docx/passive_voice_with_simple_present_and_past/passive-voice-intermediate/11670

Sunday, 29 November 2015

TIPS TO HELP YOU LEARN ENGLISH (12)


VOCABULARY LEARNING IS IMPORTANT:
·        Vocabulary knowledge aids in activating and building background knowledge to make connections to text, and having vocabulary knowledge can increase reading comprehension and fluency while reading.
·        Vocabulary knowledge can improve writing skills and build knowledge of other word meanings through known root words, prefixes, suffixes, and word families.

VOCABULARY:CINEMA.

Films and cinema
Can you talk about a film which?
Ø Made you laugh a lot
Ø Made you cry
Ø Sent you to sleep
Ø Made you feel good
Ø You’ve seen several times
Ø Made you buy the soundtrack
Paramount Pictures wants you.
Paramount Pictures is an international film and television production studio. It is consistently ranked as one of the top-grossing film studios in the world and it is well-known for movie block-blusters such as Grease, Friday the 13th and Mission Impossible.
The studio has employed most of the best script writers in the world but it is sick to the back teeth of their whingeing behaviour and eccentric off set requirements. It has decided to put its foot down and open an academy to develop new talent.
·       If you want to apply for the academy, write a postcard to the talent manager answering the following questions.

·       If you had to write a script about a famous person, who would you write about and why?

Thursday, 29 October 2015

MODAL VERBS; MUST / MUSTN’T / NOT HAVE TO

 1-Fill in the blanks with the correct form of : must / mustn’t /not have to.

1. We ________________ (use) electronic devices when we travel by plane.
2. Before entering a foreign country, we ____________ (show) our passports.
3. I’m sure it will be a tiring journey. She ___________  (come) if she doesn’t want to.
4. Children under 8 years old _____________(be) accompanied by their parents.
5. You_____________ (finish) writing the reports today. Tomorrow will be OK.
6. After a long-time injury David ____________ (train) a lot to be fit.
7. When you come home, please be quiet. You ___________ (wake) the baby   because she’s just fallen asleep.
8. Since we have two cars, you _____________(wait) for us.
9. As this is the last chance to qualify, they __________(play) well and score two goals.
10. People __________ (waste) water due to lack of water in the near future.

 Key:
1. mustn’t  2. must  3. doesn’t have to  4. must  5. don’t have to  6. must  7. mustn’t  8. don’t have to  9. must  10. mustn’t

2-Complete the sentences with the right form of MUST -HAVE TO

1. You ------------- get a visa if you want to visit China.
2. I don't like ------------------- work during holidays.
3. Those passengers will --------------------- show their flight coupons before boarding the plane.
4. You -------------------- have your glasses mended. I order you to do so!
5. I ---------------- stay at home two days ago because it was snowing.
6. He ------------------- walk since his car was stolen.
7. We'll ---------------- take a lot of food with us.
8. On entering a mosque you ----------------- change your shoes.
9. You ---------------------- go now. I want to go to bed.
10. What a pity you ------------------------ go now.

Answer key:

a)            You have to get a visa if you want to visit China.
b)           I don't like having to work during holidays.
c)            Those passengers will have to show their flight coupons before boarding the plane.
d)           You must have your glasses mended. I order you to do so!
e)            I had to stay at home two days ago because it was snowing.
f)             He has had to walk since his car was stolen.
g)            We'll have to take a lot of food with us.
h)           On entering a mosque you have to change your shoes.
i)             You must go now. I want to go to bed.
j)             What a pity you have to go now.

Sunday, 30 August 2015

TIPS TO HELP YOU LEARN ENGLISH.(11)



Keep yourself motivated by looking back at the English books you used in previous years. You’ll be surprised at how easy they seem to you now! Congrats, your level is improving!

Friday, 28 August 2015

Friday, 7 August 2015

TIPS TO HELP YOU LEARN ENGLISH. (10)

Learn prefixes (dis-, un-, re-) and suffixes (-ly, -ment, -ful), these will help you to work out the meaning of words and build your vocabulary.


Monday, 3 August 2015

VOCABULARY: TIPS TO HELP YOU REMEMBER NEW WORDS.

Best 5 Ways for Remembering Words.

Below are 5 ways to enhance your memory for a specific word:

1. Use the words in a joke or make up a joke about the word and we have found that the more unusual the word is the easier it is to remember.
2. Turn the word into an acronym. Do this by assigning each letter to a word and try to put together a sentence like this.
3. Use the word in a rhyme. It is a known fact that us as humans remember songs and poems easier that’s why most of us will still remember songs from our childhood.
4. Associate the word with shapes or images for example a car, window or a stool even just anything that you can associate so when you think about that object you immediately think of the word as well.
5. Sing the word out loud! This has been proven to increase the chances of remembering the word.



Friday, 31 July 2015

MUST / HAVE TO / NEEDN'T (pre-intermediate level)


Fill in the gaps:

  1. I ____ work from nine to three every day except Sunday.
  2. Are you sure we ____ see Aunt Lucy tonight?
  3. Sheila ____ go to university on Tuesdays. Tuesday is her day off.
  4. I've got a terrible headache. I think I ____ take an aspirin.
  5. Let's run. We ____ get home before dark.
  6. You look so pale. I think you ____ see a doctor.
  7. It's a pity we ____ work on such a lovely day.
  8. We ____ work even on such a lovely day if we want to finish soon.
  9. She ____ take exams at the end of each term.
10. She ____ learn more if she wants to pass the exam.
11. My brother ____ cook meals, he's only a waiter.
12. The room is tidy, you ____ clean it.
13. 'Are you a driver?' - 'Yes, I ____ drive a lorry.'
14. We ____ walk, there's a bus to the hotel.
15. You ____ feed the baby, she isn't hungry.

Possible solutions:

  1. I have to work from nine to three every day except Sunday.
  2. Are you sure we must see Aunt Lucy tonight?
  3. Sheila doesn't have to go to university on Tuesdays. Tuesday is her day off.
  4. I've got a terrible headache. I think I must take an aspirin.
  5. Let's run. We must get home before dark.
  6. You look so pale. I think you must/should see a doctor.
  7. It's a pity we have to work on such a lovely day.
  8. We must work even on such a lovely day if we want to finish soon.
  9. She has to take exams at the end of each term.
10. She must learn more if she wants to pass the exam.
11. My brother doesn't have to cook meals, he's only a waiter.
12. The room is tidy, you needn't clean it.
13. 'Are you a driver?' - 'Yes, I have to drive a lorry.'
14. We needn't walk, there's a bus to the hotel.

15. You needn't feed the baby, she isn't hungry.

How to learn a foreign language. A non academic opinion about how to learn languages.


HERE ARE SOME EXTRACTS WHICH I HAVE FOUND EITHER AMUSING OR THOUGHT-PROVOKING:

....Maybe the most rapid way of learning a language would be to fall in love with someone who is a native speaker of the foreign language, then go and live in their country and have no contact with your own language. After 6 months of such a total immersion most people would be very proficient. .....
--------------------------------------------
.... If you consider that learning a language is a tedious chore then give up now, don’t waste any more time. Do something you like doing. .....
------------------------------------------
.....One of the slowest most inefficient ways of learning a language is in a classroom full of people. School children often spend 10 years learning a foreign language with almost no result. ....   .....The results from adult education classes are a little better but only if the teacher is very good and if you also study outside of the classroom. ....
-----------------------------------------
Some activities and ideas which can help you learn a language:
-Attend language classes but don’t expect to learn very fast unless you do a lot of supplementary study.
-Use the immense amount of free online courses available on internet.
-Sign up for the “word of the day” offered by many sites.
-Read books which have specially reduced vocabularies designed for language learners.

-Note that Jehova’s Witnesses will give you hours of free conversation classes if you invite them into your house to speak about religion. 

ONLINE RESOURCES. CHECK OUT THIS WEBSITE!

Welcome to a wide range of free resources for ESL learners :



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